Non-Standard Employment in Post-Industrial Labour Markets
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Non-Standard Employment in Post-Industrial Labour Markets

An Occupational Perspective

Edited by Werner Eichhorst and Paul Marx

Examining the occupational variation within non-standard employment, this book combines case studies and comparative writing to illustrate how and why alternative occupational employment patterns are formed. Through expert contributions, a framework is developed integrating explanations based on labour market regulation, industrial relations and skill supply, filling the gaps in previous scholastic research.
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Chapter 4: Occupational employment patterns in a highly regulated labour market: the case of France

Baptiste Françon and Paul Marx


In the context of this volume, France is a particularly interesting case. Scholars of social inequality have noted that it is something of an exception. As opposed to the general trend in the OECD world, wage inequality has decreased in France since the 1980s (Salverda and Mayhew 2009). At the core of the French exception is a regulatory framework which is particularly suitable to keep inequality at bay. Most importantly, the French minimum wage, which is one of the most generous in the world, and high collective bargaining coverage have kept inequality well below the European average. In addition, French governments since the early 1990s have massively subsidised low-wage employment so that pressure to lower wages was less strong than in many neighbouring countries (Eichhorst and Marx 2012; Jamet 2006; Pisani-Ferry 2003).

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