An Occupational Perspective
Edited by Werner Eichhorst and Paul Marx
Chapter 5: Occupational growth and non-standard employment in the Spanish service sector: from upgrading to polarisation
Post-industrial theories have analysed the development of labour markets in the context of service sector expansion and have tried to understand the implications this has had for the configuration of labour markets and society more generally (Esping-Andersen 1999). One recurrent question in this regard referred to the pattern of social stratification associated with post-industrialism. The trilemma of the service economy suggested an increase in inequalities in countries with tight budgetary constraints and increasingly flexible labour market regulations (Iversen and Wren 1998). This is probably the best framework to understand developments in service sector economies like Spain in the last two decades. Moreover, as pointed out by Bernardi and Garrido (2008), the pattern of social stratification and inequalities is closely related to occupational changes associated with post-industrial societies and the implications these changes have for working conditions. Yet, even though most studies have taken wages as the most significant indicator for job quality, little attention has been paid to the extension of atypical forms of employment and their relationship with occupational developments.
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