Non-Standard Employment in Post-Industrial Labour Markets
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Non-Standard Employment in Post-Industrial Labour Markets

An Occupational Perspective

Edited by Werner Eichhorst and Paul Marx

Examining the occupational variation within non-standard employment, this book combines case studies and comparative writing to illustrate how and why alternative occupational employment patterns are formed. Through expert contributions, a framework is developed integrating explanations based on labour market regulation, industrial relations and skill supply, filling the gaps in previous scholastic research.
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Chapter 6: Non-standard work, low-paid work and employment dynamics in Italy: evidence from an occupational perspective

Fabio Berton, Matteo Richiardi and Stefano Sacchi


Employment in Italy grew for more than ten years beginning in the mid-1990s and continuing to the outburst of the economic crisis in 2008. This period also witnessed a wave of labour market reforms. Starting in 1997, the liberalization of temporary agency work and of private employment services was followed by the implementation of EU directives on part-time work (2000) and fixed-term contracts (2001), and a further round of liberalization was then implemented at the margin in 2003. Despite some slight re-regulation of fixed-term contracts in 2008, Italy was the OECD country that liberalized its labour market the most during this period. Furthermore, this was accomplished exclusively by reducing constraints to hiring through temporary contracts (direct-hire fixed-term, temp agency work, independent contractors). Regulation of part-time work was also relaxed, not least through giving validity to clauses that allowed – to a certain extent – the employer to adjust the timing and overall length of work provision so as to accommodate production needs.

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