An Occupational Perspective
Edited by Werner Eichhorst and Paul Marx
Chapter 10: Subjective employment insecurity gap between occupations: variance across Europe
One of the most substantial societal issues to have been raised over the years is that of the rise in insecurity, exacerbated by the recent financial crisis. Due to increases in unemployment, wage cuts and other changes, individuals face more insecurity in their lives, including in their job, employment and income. Many studies have examined issues surrounding insecurity, such as the rise in unemployment – especially for certain groups of individuals – and the rise in various contingent employment contracts (Kalleberg, 2009; Standing, 2011). However, not many studies deal with the subjective side of insecurity. Job and employment insecurity have been shown to have dire consequences for not just the individual but the family’s well-being and may impact company performance outcomes as well (Ashford et al., 1989; Carr and Chung, 2014; Chung and Mau, 2014; Ferrie, 2001; Hartley, 1998; Hellgren et al., 1999; Kinnunen and Mauno, 1998; Näswall and De Witte, 2003). In addition, insecurity perceptions impact individuals’ behaviours in many ways including policy preferences and support for the welfare state (Burgoon and Dekker, 2010; Hacker et al., 2013; Marx, 2014; Paskov and Koster, 2014). In other words, insecurity perceptions of individuals are important to examine in their own right and it is important to understand which individuals in which labour markets are more susceptible to job and employment insecurities.
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