China’s Urbanization and the World Economy
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China’s Urbanization and the World Economy

Fan Zhang

This innovative book places China’s urbanization within a broader global context, including a detailed estimate of China’s total domestic market and its impact on the world economy.
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Chapter 9: The system of the cities

Fan Zhang


Historically, most of the population and cities in China were geographically concentrated in the eastern area of China. Mr Huanyong Hu drew a line on the maps from Heihe (currently Aihui) of Heilongjiang province in the north-east to Tengchong of Yunnan province in the south-west, and pointed out that most of the Chinese population live to the east of the line. This line is called the 'Hu, Huanyong line' following its creator's name (Figure 9.1). About 36 percent of the land east of the line has fed 96 percent of the population since the Song Dynasty (more than 800 years) (Tong 2011, p.5). Most Chinese cities are also to the east of this line.

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