Parenting and Democracy in Contemporary Europe
Edited by David G. Mayes and Mark Thomson
Chapter 11: Costs and consequences for carers of vulnerable children in Australia
In Australia, children and young people at risk of significant harm who can no longer live at home with their birth family may be placed in formal (statutory) or informal (non-statutory) care. Formal carers are predominantly foster carers (non-related to the child) or kinship/relative carers (related to the child). Informal carers are usually grandparent carers. Fuller definitions of formal/informal carers are as follows: • Formal (statutory) carers are carers who are raising children as a result of care and protection orders from the Children’s Court, Youth Court or Magistrate’s Court (depending on the State or Territory the child or young person resides in). In general, statutory or formal carers may be ‘stranger’ (i.e. non-related) foster carers, relative or kinship carers. Some, but not all statutory kinship carers, may be assessed foster carers and may provide foster care to other children (non-related). Some assessed foster carers may be relatives of the child.
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