Lessons from the Indonesian Experience
Edited by Michael Faure and Andri Wibisana
Chapter 1: Impacts of globalization to environment, health and safety in developing countries: the case of Indonesia
About 100 to 150 years ago, nations all over the world seemed to be separated from each other. Oceans, great rivers and rigid borderlines tended to limit the access of the people in one place to communicate with people from other countries. The communication system was still underdeveloped, while the trans-national transportation system was also still a very exclusive thing. At that time it was very difficult to meet people from abroad and to internationally talk to someone we know, even if they were from neighbouring countries, due to the lack of telecommunication and information infrastructures. From an economic point of view, international trade took place in a traditional way, by shipping goods through the oceans from one country to the other. Some people think that the process of ‘globalization’ started a very long time ago, parallel to human civilization. While other people divided the process into several phases, from the 19th century to the First World War.
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