Lessons from the Indonesian Experience
Edited by Michael Faure and Andri Wibisana
Chapter 12: Law and politics of nuclear power plant development in Indonesia: technocracy, democracy, and internationalization of decision-making
The chapter begins with the question as to whether Indonesia is ready to embark on the nuclear path for peaceful purpose, namely the Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) for electricity generation. The chapter first considers the political background that has been the driving force of the NPP development in Indonesia since the proposal to initiate nuclear projects was introduced by President Sukarno’s Old Order (Orde Lama) and successively by President So eharto’s New Order (Orde Baru) regimes. Anide a long forgotten, the aftermath of Reformasi, especially during the administration of President Yudhoyono, saw a new debate on nuclear energy, which has at least three important dimensions: energy crisis and the subsequent debates regarding Indonesia’s energy security; the wave of democratization that encourages more open movement against nuclear energy development; and finally the engagement of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). This political background serves as a pivotal element in discussing the legal and regulatory framework of nuclear energy, and the NPP in particular, which will be discussed in the subsequent section.
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