We have seen that international humanitarian law is the body of international law governing the conduct of armed conflicts. This chapter examines the historical development and main sources of international humanitarian law. We begin by briefly discussing the sources of international law generally, focusing on those topics that are most relevant to international humanitarian law. We will then distinguish between the two main branches of international humanitarian law, known as the Hague law and the Geneva law, before tracking the development of this body of law from the 1860s to the present day. We will see that international humanitarian law centres on a number of important international conventions, such as the Hague Regulations of 1899, the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and the two Additional Protocols of 1977. These general documents are supplemented by a number of other sources of law, including specialised conventions on particular issues and types of weapons, the rules of customary international law, the decisions of international tribunals, the writings of prominent academic authors and the pronouncements of bodies such as the United Nations (UN) General Assembly.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.