Show Less
You do not have access to this content

EU Intellectual Property Law and Policy Second Edition

Catherine Seville

Intellectual property remains not just economically significant, but also of daily importance to most businesses and individuals. The digital age brings many opportunities, but also presents continuing challenges to IP law, and the EU’s programme of harmonisation unfolds in this context. Taking account of numerous changes, the second edition of this accessible book offers a fully updated account of the law as it affects all the major rights, free movement and competition matters, and enforcement. It sets the substantive law in its policy context, and discusses potential reforms to this major area of EU law.
Show Summary Details
This content is available to you

Table of legislation

Catherine Seville

EU Legislation

Directives

Biotechnology Directive 98/44 [1998] OJ L 213/13 5, 102, 165, 200–207

Art. 1 202–3

Art. 3(1) 203

Art. 3(2) 155, 203

Art. 4 166

Art. 4(1) 203

Art. 4(1)(b) 168

Art. 4(2) 168, 203

Art. 4(3) 203

Art. 5(1) 155–6, 203

Art. 5(2) 156, 203

Art. 5(33) 203

Art. 6(1) 176, 179, 204

Art. 6(2) 179, 204

Art. 7 202

Art. 8 205

Art. 9 205

Art. 10 205

Art. 11 205

Art. 11(1) 205

Art. 11(2) 206

Art. 12(2) 206

Art. 12(3) 206

Art. 13(1) 206

Art. 13(2) 206

Art. 13(3) 206

Art. 16 207

Recital 1 202

Recital 17 152

Recital 26 178

Recital 27 115

Recital 29 168

Recital 31 166, 168

Recital 41 180

Collective Rights Management Directive 2014/26 [2014] OJ L84/72 93–7, 422, 469

Art. 2(1) 94

Art. 2(2) 94

Art. 4 94

Art. 5 94

Art. 6 94

Art. 8 94

Art. 9 94

Art. 10 94

Art. 11 94

Art. 12 94

Art. 13 94

Art. 16 94

Arts. 18–22 95

Arts. 24–28 95

Art. 29 95

Art. 31 95

Art. 32 95

Art. 39 95

Art. 40 97

Computer-Implemented Inventions Directive (draft) 5

Computer Programs Directive 91/250 [1991] OJ L 122 227, 420

Art. 1 227

Art. 4(c) 71, 454

Copyright Term Directive 2011/77 [2011] OJ L265/1 45

Data Protection Directive 95/46 [1995] OJ L281/31 510

Database Directive 96/9 [1996] OJ L77/20 47–57

Art. 1(2) 48–9

Art. 1(3) 49

Art. 3(1) 49

Art. 5 49

Art. 5(c) 71, 454

Art. 6(1) 49

Art. 7 51, 56

Art. 7(1) 49

Art. 7(2) 50, 454

Art. 8 50

Art. 9 50

Art. 10 50

Art. 15 49–50

Art. 16(3) 50

Recital 42 56

Designs Directive 98/71 [1998] OJ L289/23

Art. 1(a) 226, 232

Art. 1(b) 227, 232

Art. 1(c) 227

Art. 3(3) 228, 241

Art. 3(4) 241

Art. 4 233

Art. 5 236

Art. 6 233

Art. 6(2) 236

Art. 6(3) 236

Art. 7 251

Art. 7(1) 228

Art. 7(2) 230, 240

Art. 7(3) 231

Art. 8 231

Art. 9(1) 249

Art. 9(2) 249

Art. 10 247

Art. 11(1) 232

Art. 11(1)(c) and (d) 243

Art. 11(2) 243

Art. 11(2)(a) 244

Art. 11(2)(b) 245

Art. 11(2)(c) 245

Art. 11(3) 243

Art. 11(4) 243–5

Art. 11(5) 246

Art. 11(6) 243, 246

Art. 12 248

Art. 13(1) 251–2

Art. 13(1)(a) 252

Art. 13(1)(b) 252

Art. 13(1)(c) 252

Art. 13(2) 252

Art. 14 228, 253–5

Art. 15 252, 454

Art. 17 219

Art. 18 253

Recital 1 219

Recital 2 219

Recital 3 219

Recital 5 219

Recital 8 219

Recital 9 219

Recital 10 219, 230

Recital 14 226

Recital 15 231

Recital 16 231

Recital 17 219

Recital 19 253

Recital 21 219

E-Commerce Directive 2000/31 [2000] OJ L 178/1 57–61

Arts. 4–5 57

Arts. 6–8 57

Arts. 9–11 57

Arts. 12–14 74

Art. 13(1) 59

Art. 14 60–61

Art. 14(1) 59

Art. 15 59

Recital 46 59–60

Enforcement Directive 2004/48 [2004] OJ L195/16 1, 505–6

Art. 2(3)(b) 509

Art. 3(1) 509

Art. 3(2) 509

Art. 4 510

Art. 5 510

Art. 6 510

Art. 7 510

Art. 8 510

Art. 9(1) 511

Art. 9(2) 511

Art. 9(4) 511

Art. 10 511

Art. 11 357, 509, 511

Art. 12 512

Art. 13(1) 512

Art. 13(2) 512

Art. 14 512

Art. 15 512

Art. 16 509

Art. 17 509

Recital 24 510

Recital 25 510

Framework Directive 2007/46 [2007] OJ L/263

Art. 31 255

Information Society Directive 2001/29 [2001] OJ L 1767/10 6, 26, 28, 61–2, 97–8, 100, 227

Art. 1 62

Art. 2(1) 63

Art. 2(2) 63

Art. 3 422

Art. 3(1) 38, 64, 69, 76

Art. 3(2) 64, 69–70

Art. 3(n) 78

Art. 3(o) 78

Art. 4 70

Art. 4(2) 71–2, 448

Art. 5 62

Art. 5(1) 63, 74

Art. 5(2) 78, 80

Art. 5.2 77

Art. 5.3 77–8

Art. 5.4 78

Art. 5(5) 74–5

Art. 5.5 79

Art. 6 62

Art. 6(1) 86

Art. 6(2) 86–7

Art. 6(4)(1) 86

Art. 6(4)(2) 86

Art. 6(4)(4) 86

Art. 7(1) 87

Art. 7(2) 87

Art. 8 62

Art. 8(3) 511

Recital 13 74–5

Recital 23 64, 66

Recital 28 72

Recital 33 74

Medicinal Products for Human Use Directive 2001/83 [2001] OJ L311/67 195, 496

Misleading Advertising Directive 84/450 [1984] OJ L250 367

Misleading Advertising Directive 2006/114 [2006] OJ L 376/21

Art. 3 368

Art. 8(1) 368

Misleading and Comparative Advertising Directive 97/5550 [1997] OJ L290 367

Misleading and Comparative Advertising Directive 2006/114 [2006] OJ L 376/21 367

Art. 2(b) 368

Art. 2(c) 368

Recital 13 370–71

Recital 14 370–71

Recital 15 370–71

Orphan Works Directive 2012/28 [2012] OJ L 299/5 92–3, 98

Art. 1(1) 92

Art. 1(2) 92

Art. 2(1) 92

Art. 3 92

Art. 4 92

Art. 5 92

Art. 6(1) 92

Art. 6(2) 92

Privacy and Electronic Communications Directive 2002/58 [2002] OJ L201/37 510

Quality Schemes Regulation 1151/2012 [2012] OJ L 343/1 405

Art. 2(1) 383

Art. 2(2) 383

Art. 3(3) 395

Art. 3(5) 395

Art. 3(6) 385

Art. 4(2) 388

Art. 5(1) 384

Art. 5(2) 385

Art. 5(3) 385

Art. 6(2) 387

Art. 6(3) 387

Art. 6(4) 387

Art. 7(1) 388

Art. 7(1)(e) 392

Art. 11 390

Art. 12 390

Art. 13 391, 394

Art. 13(1)(a) 390

Art. 13(1)(b) 390

Art. 13(2) 392

Art. 14(1) 394

Art. 14(2) 394

Art. 15(1) 393

Art. 15(2) 393

Art. 15(3) 393

Art. 15(4) 393

Art. 17 394

Art. 18(1) 395

Art. 18(2) 395

Art. 18(4) 395

Art. 19(1) 395

Art. 23 396

Art. 24(1) 396

Art. 24(2) 396

Art. 27 396

Art. 29 396

Art. 30 397

Art. 31(1) 397

Art. 31(2) 397

Art. 32 397

Art. 33 397

Art. 34 397

Art. 36 388

Art. 37 395

Art. 41(1) 385

Art. 41(2) 386

Art. 49 395

Arts. 49–52 387

Art. 49(1) 387, 395

Art. 49(2) 389

Art. 49(3) 389

Art. 49(5) 389, 395

Art. 49(6) 396

Art. 50 389, 396

Art. 51 389, 396

Art. 52 390

Art. 53 389

Art. 54 396

Art. 54(1) 392

Recital 4 383

Rental Directive 92/100 [1992] OJ L346/61 33

Rental Directive 2006/115 [2006] OJ L376/28 27–33

Art. 1(2) 420

Art. 2(2) 35

Art. 3(1) 34

Art. 3(4) 34–5

Art. 3(5) 34

Art. 3(6) 35

Art. 4 420

Art. 5 34–5

Art. 6(1) 36

Art. 7(1) 37

Art. 7(2) 38

Art. 8(1) 37

Art. 8(2) 37, 38

Art. 8(3) 38

Art. 9 454

Art. 9(1)(a) 37

Art. 9(1)(b) 38

Art. 9(1)(c) 38

Art. 9(1)(d) 38

Art. 10 38

Recital 5 35

Recital 16 69

Resale Rights Directive 2001/84 [2001] OJ L 272/32 88–92

Art. 1(1) 89

Art. 1(2) 89

Art. 1(3) 89

Art. 1(4) 90

Art. 2(1) 89

Art. 3 90

Art. 4(1) 90

Art. 4(2) 90

Art. 4(3) 90

Art. 5 90

Art. 6(1) 90

Art. 6(2) 90

Art. 7(1) 90

Art. 8(1) 91

Art. 8(2) 91

Art. 8(3) 91

Art. 9 91

Art. 11(1) 90

Recital 8 89

Recital 9 89

Recital 18 89

Recital 22 90

Satellite and Cable Directive 89/552 [1989] OJ L298/23 39–43

Art. 1(2) 40

Art. 2 40–41

Art. 4 40

Art. 6 40

Art. 8(1) 41

Art. 9(1) 41

Art. 10 42

Art. 11 42

Art. 12 42

Art. 14(2) 42

Satellite and Cable Directive 93/83 [1993] OJ L248/15 40

Semiconductor Chips Directive 87/54 [1987] OJ L 24/36 227

Services Directive 2006/123 [2006] OJ L376/36

Art. 16 96

Art. 17 96

Software Directive 91/250 [1991] OJ L122/42 27–33

Art. 1(1) 27

Art. 1(2) 27–8

Art. 1(3) 27

Art. 2(1) 27

Art. 4 29

Art. 5(2) 29–30

Art. 5(3) 29–30

Art. 6 30

Art. 7 29

Art. 8 29

Art. 9(1) 30

Term Directive 93/98 [1993] OJ L290/9 43–7

Art. 1(1) 44

Art. 1(2) 45

Art. 1(3) 45

Art. 2(1) 45

Art. 2(2) 45

Art. 3(1) 46

Art. 3(2) 46

Art. 3(3) 46

Art. 3(4) 46

Art. 4 46

Art. 5 46

Art. 7 46

Art. 7(2) 47

Art. 10(2) 47

Trade Marks Directive 89/104 [1989] OJ L040/1 268

Art. 2 273, 279, 282

Art. 3 281, 343

Art. 3(1)(b) 279, 282

Art. 3(1)(c) 291

Art. 3(1)(d) 296

Art. 3(1)(e) 300

Art. 3(1)(g) 310

Art. 3(1)(h) 263, 311

Art. 3(2)(a) 312

Art. 3(2)(b) 312

Art. 3(2)(c) 263, 312

Art. 3(2)(d) 312

Art. 3(3) 287

Art. 4 343, 355

Art. 4(1)(a) 313

Art. 4(1)(b) 315

Art. 4(2) 313

Art. 4(2)(d) 263

Art. 4(3) 327

Art. 4(4)(b) 342

Art. 4(4)(c) 342

Art. 5 355, 425, 437

Art. 5(1) 341, 370–71

Art. 5(2) 370–71

Art. 5(3) 356

Art. 6 439

Art. 6(1) 341

Art. 6(1)(a) 362

Art. 6(1)(b) 363, 364

Art. 6(1)(c) 256, 365

Art. 7 342, 367, 425, 438–9

Art. 7(1) 426, 447–8

Art. 7(2) 426, 437, 450

Art. 8(2) 417

Art. 12 346

Art. 12(1) 344

Art. 12(2) 351

Art. 12(2)(b) 352

Recital 10 326

Recital 11 358

Recital 12 263

Unfair Commercial Practices Directive 2005/29 [2005] OJ L 149/222 367

Art. 6 368

Art. 6(2)(a) 371

Art. 7 368

Veterinary Medicines Directive 2001/ 82/EC [2001] OJ L311/1 195

Regulations

Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Regulation 511/2014 [2014] OJ L150 122

Agricultural Products and Foodstuffs as Traditional Specialities Guaranteed Regulation 509/2006 [1996] OJ L 93/1 382, 394

Agricultural Products and Foodstuffs Geographical Indications Regulation 692/2003 [2003] OJ L99/1 384

Border Measures Regulation 608/2013 [2013] OJ L181/15 441, 444–6, 507–8

Art. 1(2) 445

Art. 1(4) 445, 514

Art. 1(5) 445, 514

Art. 2(1) 445

Art. 2(19) 515

Art. 22 445, 515

Art. 23 514

Art. 26 446, 515

Art. 28 513

Art. 29 513

Art. 31 515

Art. 32 515

Recital 21 515

Community Designs Implementation Regulation 2245/2002 [2002] OJ L/341/28

Art. 1(1)(h) 222

Art. 1(2)(a) 224

Art. 1(2)(d) 222

Art. 4(1) 223

Art. 4(2) 223

Art. 4(3) 224

Art. 4(4) 224

Art. 5(2) 223

Art. 8 224

Art. 14 225

Art. 69(2)(j) 222

Community Designs Regulation 6/2002 [2002] OJ L/1 220–21

Art. 3(1)(b) 232

Art. 3(a) 225–6, 232

Art. 3(b) 227

Art. 3(c) 227

Art. 4(1) 220

Art. 4(2) 228, 241, 454

Art. 4(3) 241

Art. 5 233

Art. 5(2) 237

Art. 6 236

Art. 7 233

Art. 7(2) 236

Art. 7(3) 236

Art. 8 251

Art. 8(1) 229–30

Art. 8(2) 230, 240

Art. 8(3) 231

Art. 9 225, 231

Art. 10(1) 249

Art. 10(2) 249

Art. 11 248

Art. 11(1) 220, 232

Art. 12 248

Art. 14 247

Art. 14(1) 246

Art. 14(2) 246

Art. 14(3) 246

Art. 15 226

Art. 15(1) 246

Art. 15(3) 246

Art. 15(4) 246

Art. 16 226

Art. 17 246

Art. 18 246

Art. 19 248, 252

Art. 19(2) 248–9

Art. 19(3) 248–9

Art. 20(1) 251–2

Art. 20(1)(a) 252

Art. 20(1)(b) 252

Art. 20(1)(c) 252

Art. 20(2) 252

Art. 21 252

Art. 22 256

Art. 24 232

Art. 25(1) 243

Art. 25(1)(a) 232

Art. 25(1)(b) 231

Art. 25(1)(c) 243, 247

Art. 25(1)(d) 243–4

Art. 25(1)(e) 244

Art. 25(1)(f) 245

Art. 25(1)(g) 246

Art. 25(2) 243, 247

Art. 25(3) 245

Art. 25(4) 246

Art. 28 247

Art. 29 247

Art. 30 247

Art. 31 247

Art. 32 247

Art. 33 247

Art. 35 222

Art. 36 222

Art. 36(3) 222

Art. 36(3)(a) 224

Art. 36(3)(e) 246

Art. 37 224

Art. 37(4) 224

Art. 41 224

Arts. 41–44 233

Art. 42 224

Art. 45 225

Art. 47(1)(b) 231

Art. 49 225

Art. 50(1) 225

Art. 50(3) 226

Art. 50(6) 226

Art. 79 246, 257

Art. 80 233, 257

Art. 81 233, 257

Art. 82 233

Art. 84(4) 257

Art. 85(1) 257

Art. 85(2) 240

Art. 86 258

Art. 87 258

Art. 91 258

Art. 96(2) 220

Art. 110 228, 253, 255–6

Art. 110a(1) 221

Recital 3 220

Recital 4 220

Recital 5 220

Recital 7 220

Recital 9 220

Recital 10 226, 228, 230

Recital 11 231

Recital 12 241

Recital 13 253, 256

Recital 14 237

Recital 18 220, 225

Recital 20 236

Recital 21 249

Recital 23 256

Recital 24 220, 222

Recital 25 224

Recital 26 226

Recital 29 257

Recital 30 257

Recital 32 220

Community Patent Regulation (draft) 187–8

Community Plant Variety Office Fees Regulation 1238/95 [1995] OJ L121/31 212

Community Plant Variety Rights Regulation 2100/94 [1994] OJ L227/1 211, 216

Art. 2 211

Art. 5 167, 206

Art. 5(1) 212

Art. 5(2) 212

Art. 6 213

Art. 7(1) 214

Art. 8 214

Art. 9 214

Art. 10(1) 214

Art. 10(2) 214

Art. 10(3) 214

Art. 12 212

Art. 13(2) 215

Art. 13(3) 215

Art. 13(5) 215

Art. 13(8) 215

Art. 14(1) 205, 216

Art. 14(2) 216

Art. 14(3) 216

Art. 15(1) 215

Art. 16 215, 454

Art. 17 213

Art. 20(1) 215

Art. 21(1) 215

Art. 29 216

Art. 50 212

Art. 53 212

Art. 54 213

Art. 55 213

Art. 63 213

Art. 92(1) 211

Community Trade Mark Amendment Regulation 2015/2424 [2015] OJ L341/21 375

Community Trade Mark Implementing Regulation 2868/95 [1995] OJ L303/1 375

Rule 3(2) 279

Rule 3(4) 279

Rule 3(5) 277

Rule 3(6) 278

Rule 15 272

Rule 18 272

Rule 20 272

Community Trade Mark Regulation 40/94 [1994] OJ L 11/1 268–9

Art. 4 273, 279, 282

Art. 5 269

Art. 5(1)(1a) 350

Art. 5(1)(a) 347, 350

Art. 7 272, 281

Art. 7(1)(b) 279, 282, 287

Art. 7(1)(c) 291

Art. 7(1)(d) 296

Art. 7(1)(e) 300

Art. 7(1)(g) 310

Art. 7(1)(h) 263, 311–12

Art. 7(1)(i) 263, 312

Art. 7(1)(j) 311

Art. 7(1)(k) 311

Art. 7(3) 287

Art. 8 272

Art. 8(1)(a) 313

Art. 8(1)(b) 315, 328, 329

Art. 8(2) 313

Art. 8(2)(c) 263

Art. 8(4) 339–41, 346, 378

Art. 8(5) 327, 329, 332

Art. 9 354–5

Art. 9(1) 341, 354

Art. 9(2) 356

Art. 9(3) 353

Art. 9A 356

Art. 10 352

Art. 12(a) 362

Art. 12(b) 363

Art. 12(c) 256, 365

Art. 13 367, 425

Art. 16 374

Art. 16(1) 374

Art. 17(1) 374

Art. 17(3) 374

Art. 17(4) 374

Art. 17(6) 375

Art. 19 374

Art. 21 374

Art. 22 374

Art. 23(1) 375

Art. 23(4) 374

Art. 25 269

Art. 29 271

Art. 34 271

Art. 37 271

Art. 37(2) 271

Art. 38 272

Art. 38(7) 272

Art. 39 272

Art. 40 272

Art. 41 272

Art. 41(a) 312–13

Art. 42(2) 312–13

Art. 45 273

Art. 46 273, 353

Art. 47 273, 353

Art. 50 346

Arts. 50–52 273

Art. 50(1)(a) 344

Art. 50(1)(b) 351

Art. 50(1)(c) 352

Art. 51(1)(b) 312

Art. 52(1) 342

Art. 52(2) 342

Art. 52(3) 342

Art. 53(1) 339

Art. 53(2) 340, 342, 346

Art. 53(2)(d) 248

Art. 53(3) 342

Art. 53(5) 343

Art. 54 342, 346

Art. 54(2) 366

Art. 55 342

Art. 57(2) 346

Art. 57(3) 346

Art. 91 269

Art. 92(2) 269

Art. 95 353

Art. 97 354

Art. 98 354

Art. 101 354

Art. 110 366

Art. 111 366

Art. 134 273

Recital 6 416

Recital 8 358

Customs Action Against Counterfeit and Pirated Goods Regulation 1383/2003 [2003] OJ L196/7 441, 445, 506

.eu Top Level Domain Regulation 733/2002 (OJ 2002 L 113/1) 373

European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund (EAGGF) Regulation 1257/1999 [1999] OJ L160/80

Art. 18(1) 397

Geographical Indications Certificates Regulation 2082/92 [1992] OJ L208/9 382, 394

Geographical Indications Regulation 510/2006 [1996] OJ L 93/12 382

Art. 2(2) 385–6

Art. 10 392

Art. 11 392

Geographical Indications Regulation 2081/92 [1992] OJ L208/1 381–2

Art. 12 382

Jurisdiction and Recognition and Enforcement of Judgments Regulation 44/2001 (Brussels Regulation) [2001] OJ L12/1 257, 515

Art. 2 516

Art. 5(3) 516

Art. 6(1) 517

Art. 22(4) 518

Art. 27 518

Art. 28 518

Art. 31 519

Art. 33 519

Art. 34 519

Jurisdiction and Recognition and Enforcement of Judgments Regulation 1215/2015 (Brussels Regulation Recast) [2015] OJ L351/1 515–19

Art. 4 516

Art. 7(2) 516

Art. 8(1) 517

Art. 24(4) 518

Art. 25(1) 518

Art. 30 518

Art. 35 519

Art. 36 519

Art. 45 519

Know-how Licensing Agreements Regulation 556/1989 [1989] OJ L61/1 479

Measures to Prohibit the Release of Counterfeit and Pirated Goods Regulation 3295/94 [1994] OJ L341/8 441

Art. 28 441

Art. 30 441

Medicinal Products for Paediatric Use Regulation 1901/2006 [2006] OJ L378/1 (12 December 2006) 199

Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights Regulation 386/2012 [2012] OJ L129/1 508

Optional Quality Term (‘mountain product') Regulation 665/2014 [2014] OJ L179/23 397

Patent Licensing Agreements Regulation 2349/1984 [1984] OJ L219/15 479

Registration of Designations Rejections Regulation 1285/2001 [2001] OJ L 176/27 384

Research and Development Agreements Regulation 1217/2010 [2010] OJ L335/36 480

Specialisation Agreements Regulation 1218/2010 [2010] OJ L335/43 480

Supplementary Protection Certificates for Medicinal Products Regulation 469/2009 [2009] OJ L152/1 102

Art. 1 194

Art. 1(b) 196

Art. 3(a) 194

Art. 4 196, 199

Art. 7 194

Supplementary Protection Certificates for Medicinal Products Regulation 1768/92 [1992] OJ L182/1 102, 194

Art. 1 194

Art. 1(b) 196

Art. 3(a) 194

Art. 4 196, 199

Art. 7 194

Supplementary Protection Certificates for Plant Products Regulation 1610/96 [1996] OJ L198/30 102

Art. 1 194

Art. 1(2) 196

Art. 1(3) 196

Art. 1(8) 196

Art. 3(a) 194

Art. 4 196, 199

Art. 7 194

Technology Transfer Agreements Regulation 240/1996 [1996] OJ L31/2 479

Technology Transfer Block Exemption Regulation 316/2014 [2014] OJ L93/17 479–83

Art. 1(1)(b) 480

Art. 1(1)(c) 480

Art. 1(1)(j)–(m) 481

Art. 3 481

Art. 4 481

Art. 5(1)(a) 481

Art. 5(1)(b) 481

Art. 5(2) 481

Art. 9 480

Technology Transfer Regulation 772/2004 [2004] OJ L123/11 479–80

Art. 1(1)(b) 480

Art. 1(1)(h) 480

Trade Mark Regulation 207/2009 [2009] OJ L 78/1

Art. 9(1)(b) 244

Unitary Patent Protection Translation Arrangements Regulation 1260/2012 [2012] OJ L361 189–92

Art. 3(1) 190

Art. 4 191

Art. 5 190

Art. 6(1)(a)(b) 191

Recital 8 191

Recital 10 190

Recital 11 191

Recital 12 191

Unitary Patent Regulation 1257/2012 (UPR) [2012] OJ L361 (‘UPR’) 189–91

Art. 3(2) 191

Art. 6 454

Art. 7(1) 191

Art. 9 190

Recital 6 190

Utility Models Directive 1995 (draft) 207–8

Vertical Agreements in the Vehicle Industry Regulation 461/2010 [2010] OJ L129/52 253–4

Vertical Agreements in the Vehicle Industry Regulation 1400/2002 y (OJ L203/30) 253

Vertical Agreements Regulation 330/2010 [2010] OJ L102/1 482

Wine and Spirit Regulation 491/2009, OJ L154 340

National Legislation

United Kingdom

Patents Act 1977 133

Plant Varieties Act 1983 211

Plant Varieties Act 1997 211

Plant Variety and Seeds Act 1964 211

Statute of Monopolies 1624 103

Trade Marks Act 1994 342

United States

Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) 1998 58