Edited by John R. Bryson, Jennifer Clark and Vida Vanchan
Chapter 21: Migrant manufacturing: translocal production and the establishment of a Polish bakery in Birmingham, UK
Agata owns a bakery in Birmingham, UK that was established in 2003. The business has grown dramatically since its beginnings as a small shop, to include two premises (one of which is a factory where the food products are manufactured). From starting the business with only her husband, Agata now employs 50 members of staff. From selling only through their own shop, the bakery now supplies hundreds of branches of Tesco, the supermarket retailer, throughout the UK. This story of manufacturing and entrepreneurship has another interesting aspect – Agata is Polish, along with the products that her bakery manufactures. She arrived in the UK in December 2002 intending to establish a business in response to the UK government’s announcement that it would allow immediate free movement into the UK of the ‘Accession 8’ (A8) country workers following European Union (EU) accession in 2004 (see Harris et al., 2012; Harris et al., 2014). At this time eight East European countries joined the EU (Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia). A second phase of accession occurred in 2007, when Bulgaria and Romania joined the EU.
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