Chapter 3: Modes of economic governance and class relations
The various components of the relationship between labour flexibility-and consumption discussed in the previous chapter become part of social-action as forms of governance. Governance is a useful concept for this-purpose, as it refers to a wide variety of ways in which human behaviour-is regulated, going far beyond government and law, and including some-forms that are implicit, even unconscious. This has been developed in-an important literature on ‘new modes’ of governance (to select a small-number of key examples, see Héritier and Lehmkuhl 2008; Kooiman 1993;-Ronit and Schneider 2000).-There are however some problems with the way in which governance-theory has developed. Interestingly, these overlap considerably with the-problems of the NSR school of analysis of labour market and social-policy discussed in Chapter 1. Both schools emerged during the past 20-years, in a period where it seemed to some that various forms of hierarchy-and inequality associated with industrial society had been transcended.-Like NSR, new modes of governance theory tries to define the changed-institutions of post-industrial-society, claiming that a new diversity of governance-has been replacing what it sees as the monolith of the state.
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