Microfoundations Reconsidered
Show Less

Microfoundations Reconsidered

The Relationship of Micro and Macroeconomics in Historical Perspective

Pedro Garcia Duarte and Gilberto Tadeu Lima

The highly regarded contributors to the book argue that the standard narrative of microfoundations is likely to be unreliable. They therefore re-examine the history of the relationship of microeconomics and macroeconomics, starting from their emergence as self-consciously distinct fields within economics in the early 1930s. They seek to go beyond the conventional history that is often told and written by practicing economists. From different perspectives they challenge the association of microfoundations with Robert Lucas and rational expectations and offer both a more complete and a deeper reading of the relationship between micro and macroeconomics.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 4: The Cowles Commission as an Anti-Keynesian Stronghold 1943–54

Philip E. Mirowski


Philip E. Mirowski1 Today, it seems, just about anyone can get away with calling themselves a Keynesian, and they do, no matter what salmagundi of doctrinal positions they may hold dear, without fear of ridicule or reproach. Consequently, some of the most extraordinarily absurd things are now being attributed to Keynes and called “Keynesian theories”. For instance, J. Bradford DeLong, a popular blogger and faculty member at Berkeley, has in a (2009) paper divided up the history of macroeconomics into what he identifies as a “Peel–Keynes–Friedman axis” and a “Marx–Hoover–Hayek” axis: clearly he has learned a trick or two from the neoliberals, who sow mass confusion by mixing together oil and water in their salad dressing versions of history. The self-appointed “New Keynesians” of the 1990s (including Gregory Mankiw, David Romer and Michael Woodford) took the name of Keynes in vain by unashamedly asserting a proposition that Keynes himself had repeatedly and expressly rejected, namely that market-clearing models cannot explain short-run economic fluctuations, and so proceeded to advocate models with “sticky” wages and prices (Mankiw, 2006). George Akerlof and Robert Shiller (2009) have taken three sentences from the General Theory out of context and spun it into some banal misrepresentation concerning what Keynes actually wrote about the notion of “animal spirits,” not to mention his actual conception of macroeconomics.2 And we observe contemporary journalists going gaga over Keynes, with almost no underlying substantive justification from the track record of the economics profession: More than three decades...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.