Competition Policy and Regional Integration in Developing Countries
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Competition Policy and Regional Integration in Developing Countries

Edited by Josef Drexl, Mor Bakhoum, Eleanor M. Fox, Michal S. Gal and David J. Gerber

The book provides insights on the regional integration experiences in developing countries, their potential for development and the role of competition law and policy in the process. Moreover, the book emphasizes the development dimension both of regional competition policies and of competition law. Although it holds many promises for developing countries, some challenges must be overcome for the process of creating a regional market and applying a competition law, to be successful. This timely book delivers concrete proposals that will help to unleash the potential of regional integration and regional competition policies, and help developing countries fully enjoy the benefits deriving from a regional market.
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Chapter 11: Economic Integration and Competition Law in Developing Countries

Josef Drexl


Josef Drexl 1. INTRODUCTION Developing countries may have a variety of reasons for introducing competition law in the framework of regional integration systems. Sometimes regional competition law simply comes as part of a more comprehensive package on economic integration. In this regard, the very successful European competition law model seems to work as the most convincing argument for agreeing on a regional competition policy. Hence, developing countries seem to ‘cut and paste’ the European integration model by liberalizing trade within the region and protecting such trade against cross-border restraints of competition. The EU itself tends actively to export its model, such as in the framework of the recent Economic Partnership Agreement with the CARIFORUM States (EU-CARIFORUM EPA).1 This agreement obliges the Caribbean states to have a CARICOM Competition Commission,2 which was consequently established in Paramaribo, the capital city of Suriname.3 1 Economic Partnership Agreement between the CARIFORUM States, of the one part, and the European Community and its Member States, of the other part, [2003] OJ L 289/I, p. 3. See also Stewart, T., ‘Regional Integration in the Caribbean: The Role of Competition Policy’, in this volume, Ch. 8. For an evaluation of this policy, see also Bakhoum, M. (2010), ‘Commerce International, Politique de Concurrence et Accords de Partenariat Economique: Réflexions sur les Enjeux et Perspectives d’un Triptyque’, Revue Africaine sur le Commerce et le Développement, (2), 3, at 5 et seq. 2 See Article 125 No. 1 EU-CARIFORUM EPA. More importantly, the establishment of a...

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