Legal Approaches to Supporting Good Governance and Integrity in Africa
Chapter 2: Law and governance in Africa: supporting integrity and combating corruption
On January 21 2012 the unexpected happened. Equatorial Guinea, one of the co-hosts of the 2012 African Cup of Nations, beat Libya 1-0. For a team playing in its first major international soccer tournament this was a truly historic moment. The players were well rewarded for Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue (hereafter Obiang), the son of the President of Equatorial Guinea, honoured his promise to give the squad US$1 million if they won a match in the tournament. A kind gesture indeed but one that left a question unanswered: where did Obiang, a man who officially only held a ministerial post, obtain this kind of money? Accusations abound that his wealth derived from the looting of huge sums of money from the oil-rich state and laundering them around the world during which time he amassed a vast range of property.Whatever the truth, the Obiang example is just one of so many cases that have contributed to the perception, rightly or wrongly, that African states are some of the most corrupt in the world. Certainly a 2010 report commissioned by the Inter-Governmental Action Group Against Money Laundering in West Africa (GIABA) describes corruption in West Africa as 'prevalent, virtually endemic and institutionalized'. Such concerns are further echoed in the findings of a 2009 report for the African Parliamentary Network Against Corruption (APNAC report) on the views of parliamentarians from 12 African states as to the causes and cures for corruption where 76.
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