Legal Approaches to Supporting Good Governance and Integrity in Africa
Chapter 3: Preventive measures: maintaining integrity in the public service
Frederick Chiluba was President of Zambia between 1991 and 2001. During his period in office he was involved in the large scale looting of state assets from Zambia by means of a series of payments into a secret bank account called the Zamtrop account which was held at the Zambia National Commercial Bank (ZNCB) in London. The payments were kept secret as they were purportedly being used for 'national security' purposes. The account was under the control of the Director General of the Zambian Security Intelligence Services (ZSIS), one Xavier Chungu, while a compliant senior public official, one Stella Chibanda in the Ministry of Finance, arranged the money transfer. This arrangement effectively removed any independent scrutiny of the payments other than by the Auditor-General. Much of the money was then laundered through the clients' account with a firm of London solicitors, Meer Care & Desai.
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