Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurship and Creativity
Show Less

Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurship and Creativity

Edited by Rolf Sternberg and Gerhard Krauss

This Handbook focuses on the interdependent relationship between entrepreneurship and creativity. This relationship is analysed from the perspective of different disciplines, including economic geography, sociology, education, economics, psychology, and also in different spatial contexts.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 12: The contribution of university-industry-government interactions to creative entrepreneurship and economic development

Henry Etzkowitz


A triple helix regime typically begins when an existing innovation regime, whether a single helix, based on industry, or a double helix of government-industry falls into a crisis that cannot be resolved within the existing framework. Involving new actors, not traditionally directly involved in innovation like the university, restructuring others to perform new roles and creating new relationships appear to be the path to a solution. Innovation is transformed from a set of linear and reverse linear processes within industry, extending from research to the market and vice versa, to a non-linear process in the transition to a knowledge-based society. Beyond the development of new products, innovation is the creation of new configurations among the institutional spheres. University-industry-government interactions are increasingly the basis of economic and social development strategy in both advanced industrial and developing societies. The transition to a "triple helix" characterized by interdependence among relatively autonomous institutional spheres, takes place from divergent starting points of "statist" and "laissez-faire" regimes.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.