Climate, Pollution and Adaptation
Chapter 7: Determining urban sustainability performance
During the last few decades, the concept of sustainability and its applicability to the urban environment, including the urban water environment has been among the most popular topics in the related literature (Yigitcanlar, 2010b). As rapid urbanisation and population growth of cities are considered, the implications of changing lifestyle-related sustainability problems and how they are addressed are among the most pressing subjects of urban planning and development disciplines. The highly complex nature of cities and politics forces urban and regional planners to analyse the contemporary problems of cities, such as urban sustainability, more carefully and work towards producing more effective and efficient policy recommendations. Nonetheless, without a sound understanding of urban sustainability and sustainable urban development, it is not easy to form and then accomplish desired sustainability policy outcomes, in particular when formulating urban development strategies for medium- and large-sized cities. From this perspective, the emerging concepts of urban sustainability and sustainable urban development are associated with substantial and procedural considerations of both, urban planning and policy-making (N.ss, 2001; Godschalk, 2004). While urban sustainability encompasses a wide range of urban planning interests such as sustainable urban economy, infrastructure and services, integration of communities, green attitudes, public participation, and governance, most of the urban sustainability issues are discussed focusing on spatial considerations, particularly on the urban form and its effects on transportation or mobility patterns.
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