Research Handbook on Biodiversity and Law
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Research Handbook on Biodiversity and Law

Edited by Michael Bowman, Peter Davies and Edward Goodwin

This wide-ranging Handbook presents a range of perspectives from leading international experts reflecting up-to-date research thinking on the subject of biodiversity law, the crucial importance of which to human welfare is only now being fully appreciated. Through a rigorous examination of the principles, procedures and practices that characterise this area of law, this timely volume effectively highlights its objectives, implementation, achievements, and prospects. Presenting thematic rather than regime-based coverage, the editors demonstrate the state-of-the-art of current research and identify future research needs and directions.
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Chapter 8: Countering fragmentation of habitats under international wildlife regimes

Arie Trouwborst


The focus of this chapter is on the threat of habitat fragmentation, and the corresponding challenge of connectivity conservation. In particular, the chapter aims to identify the varying extents to which international wildlife regimes are conducive to, or even require, the maintenance or achievement of an adequate degree of ecological connectivity. The latter can be achieved, for instance, by maintaining or (re-)establishing corridors between protected areas, by equipping highways and other human infrastructure with wildlife overpasses, and other measures countering the fragmentation of habitats. Ensuring adequate connectivity was always an important element of wildlife conservation. Climate change is now adding to the challenge, as connectivity conservation is a central component of strategies to facilitate the adaptation of wild flora and fauna to climate change. The structure of the chapter is as follows. The next section contains a concise introduction to fragmentation as a biodiversity conservation problem, and of the associated need for connectivity conservation (Section 2). The subsequent sections are then composed of analyses reviewing relevant international legal wildlife regimes from a connectivity conservation perspective.

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