Handbook on Trade and Development
Show Less

Handbook on Trade and Development

Edited by Oliver Morrissey, Ricardo Lopez and Kishor Sharma

This Handbook comprehensively explores the complex relationships between trade and economic performance in developing countries. Insightful chapters cover issues such as trade, growth and poverty reduction; trade costs, facilitation and preferences; sub-Saharan Africa’s reliance on trade in primary commodities, informal cross-border trade, agglomeration and firm exporting; imported technology, exchange rates and the impact of firm exporting; the increasing importance of China in world trade and links between FDI and trade. This Handbook provides an essential overview of trade issues facing developing countries.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 8: Trade and child labor

Annie Voy


Recent estimates suggest that as of 2008 there are more than 215 million children working worldwide (ILO, 2013). Child labor is undoubtedly a grave concern for developing countries and, indeed, the developed countries with which they trade. Children often work long hours under dangerous circumstances; slightly more than half of all working children perform work deemed hazardous and among the ‘worst forms of child labor’ (ILO, 2010). A child’s participation in the labor force, whether formal or informal, can reduce his or her educational attainment and accumulation of human capital, although the degree to which households substitute a child’s labor for schooling is unclear. Even if the impact of child labor on educational attainment were small, working children have fewer hours to allocate to studying, and achievement is often affected. Some evidence even suggests that working children have poorer health and development outcomes compared to non-working children. A promising trend is the decline in children between the ages of 5 and 14 involved in child labor. Male children above the age of 14, however, have not enjoyed the same decline in participation; further, boys are disproportionately involved in the most hazardous forms of child labor compared to girls (IPEC, 2012). In recent years developing countries have become increasingly involved in international trade.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.