Edited by Mara Olekalns and Wendi L. Adair
Negotiation is a process in which two or more people must reach agreement on how to divide some resource, when they have different preferences for how to do so. Given this, it is no surprise that influence is a fundamental element of negotiation, nor that both parties tend to want and seek influence over the counterpart in negotiation. This chapter will focus on two primary sources of influence: power and status. Power is a source of influence from objective, structural sources such as possession of resources or position in networks of relationships; status is a source of influence stemming from others’ consensual judgments (Fiske and Berdahl, 2007; Fragale et al., 2011). Though power has (and will be) the focus of work on influence in negotiation, both are important and both are considered here. We turn first to power. One of the earliest definitions of power was, in essence, the ability to get what you want (Russell, 1938). Russell noted that the most basic form of power is physical force: using the threat or imposition of pain, even death, to compel compliance.
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