Challenges and Dilemmas in Everyday Life
Householders are being urged to take shorter showers, clean their teeth without running water, and reduce flushing of toilets. But such measures often conflict with treasured ideas about domestic hygiene, and modernity’s promise of spotlessly clean bodies and homes (Chapters 7, 15). According to the World Health Organization (WHO 2012) more than 2.5 billion people lack access to any type of improved sanitation facility, and diarrhoeal diseases are one of the main causes of child death worldwide. This chapter explores the dilemmas associated with sanitation, defined as the cultural practices involved in satisfying primal human urges to defecate and urinate, and the safe and sound handling and disposal of human excreta (Avvannavar and Mani 2008). Sustainable sanitation adds a further dimension, responding to ecological pressures of human waste. It involves reduced use of fresh water resources and, ideally, reuse of human excrement as agricultural fertilizer as part of a sanitation cycle (Black and Fawcett 2008; Jewitt 2011). Western households are, generally, participants in unsustainable sanitation systems.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.