An Evaluation of Alternative Architectures
Edited by Asanga Gunawansa and Lovleen Bhullar
Chapter 4: The UK water industry: infrastructure, governance and procurement
In the early part of the twenty-first century, there is an intense debate over the water industry in the United Kingdom (UK) as well as in other countries. The water industry plays a key role in meeting economic, environmental and social objectives at both national and international levels (Water UK, 2010). There is a general view that the companies and authorities that constitute the UK water industry provide reliable and safe water supply and sewerage services to UK citizens and businesses. The water industry is large and unique. Goldman Sachs (2008) estimates the size of the global water market at US$425 billion with an annual growth rate of 4–6 percent. Maxwell (2005) estimates that worldwide revenues from the water industry range from US$350 billion to US$650 billion. However, according to Abbott and Cohen (2009), the industry structures in the water sector vary across the world in terms of the range of activities that individual businesses undertake, the geographical size, the number and nature of customers they service, the extent of private sector involvement, the scope of competition, the nature and extent of regulation, and the responsible bodies for oversight and/or implementation of regulation.
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