An Evaluation of Alternative Architectures
Edited by Asanga Gunawansa and Lovleen Bhullar
The importance of appropriate governance structures for efficient provision of water supply and sanitation services to the rapidly growing urban population in developed and developing countries has been highlighted throughout this book. As explained in Chapter 1, water governance architectures are not only tied to either public or private sector, but have evolved to include a range of arrangements between these two extremes. Chapter 1 also provides a detailed overview of the evolution of urban water governance architectures over the last two centuries in relation to the global economic and political situation and dominant international ideologies. Although much focus has been given to the privatization wave of the 1980s and 1990s, as substantiated by the mass of literature on this topic and the active involvement of international and multilateral organizations, in Chapter 2 Perard has pointed out that private participation in the urban water sector is neither a new phenomenon nor a new mode for service delivery. Historical analysis reveals that the involvement of the private sector in water supply has fluctuated over long periods of time and has shown spatial variation.
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