From Ressentiment to Redemption
Chapter 4: The social characteristic
Ressentiment is an emotion, thereby ascribable to the individual and describable as a psychological disease. Nevertheless, all authors reviewed follow it through the sociological, political and historical dimensions. For Nietzsche, it was a historical phenomenon engulfing all Europe into nihilism; for Scheler, a social phenomenology leading to decay in modern society; for Marañón and García-Pelayo, a motive propelling leaders towards violent political action. Ressentiment seems to be important for sociology, political science and history; but how can we extend its meaning to aggregations of individuals in groups, masses, multitudes, societies, without committing the fallacy of the wrong level, or of attributing to the group the characteristics of the individual?
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