From Ressentiment to Redemption
Chapter 6: Leadership by ressentiment
The issue of leadership has been growing through these pages as essential to understanding revolutions and revolts by ressentiment. Leadership will influence the direction taken by a revolution; if the relation between leaders and followers is established only upon negation, as a reaction against masters and their values, and not as an affirmation of the people involved in a revolution, then it will go the way of ressentiment: by inversion of all values and destruction of a diffuse range of enemies. In the 1960s and early 1970s, Latin American intellectuals sought explanations and justifications for revolutions in Marx’s idea of structural ‘contradictions of capitalism’ as forces in history; although by then everyone knew that such contradictions did not spur the revolution in capitalist countries, as predicted by Marx, and that the role of vanguards (in the Marxist lexicon) seemed to be of greater importance not only to the insurgence as such, but to the direction taken by the revolution that did happen in an agrarian country (Russia).
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