From Ressentiment to Redemption
Chapter 7: Nihilism and terrorism
Nietzsche characterized nihilism as a psychological state arrived at by three phases. First, the loss of human purpose; when we look for meanings in things and find them void of meaning, then we discover there is no aim or meaning to life.61 Second, the loss of the sense of unity and belonging; when we look for, and do not find, a totality, a unity to belong to and to give sense and value to our individual existence. Third, when losing aim and unity we invent a beyond, a metaphysical world, and find it does not exist, that it was fabricated by the human mind, by our need for meaning, then we lose the sense of truth, we kill God, as Nietzsche’s madman cried: ‘God is dead and we have killed him ourselves!’ (GS: III, 125). One reaches, then, the will to nothing, an aversion to life, a revolt against the fundamental preconditions of life because ‘Men prefer to have the will to nothing rather than have no will’ (Nietzsche GM: I, 28).
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