Climate Change and Flood Risk Management
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Climate Change and Flood Risk Management

Adaptation and Extreme Events at the Local Level

Edited by E. Carina H. Keskitalo

Climate Change and Flood Risk Management discusses and problematises the integration of adaptation to climate change in flood risk management. The book explores adaptation to climate change in relation to flood risk events in advanced industrial states. It provides examples of how flood risk management, disaster and emergency management, and adaptation to climate change may intersect in a number of European and Canadian cases.
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Chapter 3: Flood risks along the Torne River between Sweden and Finland

Adaptation and Extreme Events at the Local Level

E. Carina H. Keskitalo, Jenny Åkermark and Joonas Vola


Water management in the European Union (EU) is changing quickly. The EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) provides a framework for development of a wide-ranging, ecologically based water protection regime across the EU. It includes a new system of river basin-based water authorities designed to develop Management Plans and Programmes of Measures to ensure good ecological and chemical status in river basins (Directive 2000/60/EC). In 2007, the European Parliament and the Council further adopted the Floods Directive, which sets out a framework for evaluating and managing flood risks (Directive 2007/60/EC). The Directive describes its objective as the ‘reduction of the adverse consequences for human health, the environment, cultural heritage and economic activity associated with floods’ (Directive 2007/60/EC). It required member states to undertake preliminary assessments by the end of 2011, and that they identify river basins and coastal areas at risk of flood, drawing up flood risk maps for these by the end of 2013. Member states must also establish prevention, protection and preparedness-oriented flood risk management plans by the end of 2015. These plans are to be coordinated with the river basin management plans required under the WFD and include coordination with other countries in the case of shared river basins to ensure that measures on one side of the border do not increase risks in the neighbouring state. Risks related to climate change, such as the increased likelihood and adverse impacts of flood events, are also be taken into account (Directive 2007/60/EC).

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