Handbook of Conflict Management Research
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Handbook of Conflict Management Research

Edited by Oluremi B. Ayoko, Neal M. Ashkanasy and Karen A. Jehn

This unique book draws together current thoughts and research in conflict management. Specifically, it brings a wealth of knowledge from authorities in the field on emerging issues such as power in conflict, cognition and emotions in conflict, leading conflict from multiple perspectives and cultural orientations, the role of context in conflict and the teaching of conflict management. Altogether, the Handbook provides a critical avenue for researchers and practitioners’ continued engagement in conflict research and management theory.
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Chapter 10: National baselines of bullying: A climato-economic perspective

Evert Van de Vliert and Ståle Einarsen


This chapter examines why escalated organizational conflicts are so unevenly distributed across the earth. Climato-economic theorizing (Van de Vliert, 2009, 2013a, 2013b) proposes that workforces adapt conflict escalation to the livability of their societal habitat, especially to the daily household pressures of meeting climatic demands of cold winters or hot summers by using monetary resources. Escalated conflict is expected to be most prevalent in poor areas with demanding thermal climates (threatening habitats), intermediately prevalent in poor and rich areas with undemanding temperate climates (comforting habitats), and least prevalent in rich areas with demanding thermal climates (challenging habitats). This hypothesis is supported for interpersonal bullying across 44 countries, and for intergroup bullying across 175 countries. In addition, it is demonstrated that the cross-national relationship between the national baselines of interpersonal and intergroup bullying is also influenced by threatening, comforting, and challenging climato-economic conditions. A final section discusses the theoretical, methodological, and practical implications of the results of this research.

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