Edited by Moshe Givoni and David Banister
Chapter 4: Governance, policy and mobility futures
Without a comprehensive understanding of mobility governance and attendant policies, well-intentioned efforts to engender transformational change in contemporary mobility regimes are prone to failure. Indeed, considerations of governance straddle the two fundamental pillars supporting intellectual efforts in the field of transport research: the need to understand contemporary mobility regimes and the need to expediently intervene in such regimes in order to realize political ends. Importantly, it must be recognised that modes of mobility governance cannot be divorced from the broader (mobility) cultures within which they are embedded (see Chapter 2), and vice versa. Through a continual process of structuration (cf. Giddens, 1984), mobility governance is at once shaped by structural, cultural dynamics and, in turn, shapes contemporary mobility practices through its own profound agency. Public infrastructure projects – such as the development of the US highway network – are obvious material manifestations of such agency, while historic legislative actions – such as the 1944 Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation – illustrate the longevity of certain governmental practices and the pronounced degree of systemic path dependency they can generate.
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