An overview of the world's mining and utilities
An overview of the world’s mining and utilities The mining and utilities sectors are the important part of industrial activities that represent very distinct types of production and related services. These sectors comprise mining and quarrying activities and production, as well as the supply of electricity, gas and water, which are broadly referred to as utilities. Mining and quarrying activities produce essential raw materials for further processing by the manufacturing industry, whereas utilities sector products are supplied directly to consumers. Mining and quarrying belong to the primary industry which produces goods through the extraction of minerals that occur naturally as solids (coal and ores), liquids (petroleum) or gases (natural gas), as well as through the quarrying of stone, sand, clay and various other materials. The distinct nature of the utilities activities is that its products, such as electric power, natural gas and water, are supplied to consumers via a permanent infrastructure of lines, mains and pipes. The scope of these activities in the context of industrial statistics has expanded over the years. The latest revisions of the International Standard Industrial Classiﬁcation of All Economic Activities (ISIC) include new activities in the utilities sector, such as hot water, steam and air-conditioning supply. World statistics on mining and quarrying have highlighted the limitation of these sectors’ growth potential due to the depletion of mineral resources. The value added of these sectors is declining in most industrialized countries. The output of mining activities has in recent years grown at a modest rate...
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