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Regulation, Governance and Convergence in the Media

Peter Humphreys and Seamus Simpson

Media convergence is often propounded as inevitable and ongoing. Yet much of the governance of the media sector’s key parts has developed along discrete evolutionary paths, mostly incremental in character. This volume breaks new ground through exploring a diverse range of topics at the heart of the media convergence governance debate, such as next generation networks, spectrum, copyright and media subsidies. It shows how reluctance to accommodate non-market based policy solutions creates conflicts and problems resulting in only shallow media convergence thus far.
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Abbreviations

Peter Humphreys and Seamus Simpson

ABC

American Broadcasting Company (US TV network)

ABU

Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union

AER

Association of European Radios

AM

Amplitude Modulation (broadcasting transmission)

AOL

America On-Line

APWPT

Association of Professional Wireless Production Technologies

ARD

Association of Public Service Broadcasters in Germany

ARNS

Aeronautical Radio Navigation Service

ARRA

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

ASBU

Arab States Broadcasting Union

ASMG

Arab Spectrum Management Group

AT & T

American Telephone & Telegraph (company)

AUB

African Union of Broadcasting

BBC

British Broadcasting Corporation

BECTU

Broadcasting, Entertainment, Cinematograph and Theatre Union (UK)

BEIRG

British Entertainment Industry Radio Group

BEREC

Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications

BIP

Broadband Initiative Program (US)

BNE

Broadcast Networks Europe

BTOP

Broadband Technology Opportunities Program (US)

CBS

Columbia Broadcasting System (US TV network)

CD(s)

Compact Disc(s)

CEPT

European Conference of Postal and Telecommunication Administrations

CITEL

Comisión Interamericana de Telecomunicaciones

CMPF

Centre for Media Pluralism and Media Freedom (EU)

CNN

Cable News Network (US cable and satellite channel)

COICA

Combating Online Infringement and Counterfeits Act (US)

CoM

Council of Ministers (EU)

COSIP

Compte de Soutien à l’Industrie de Programmes (French Cinema and TV production subsidy body)

CPBF

Campaign for Press and Broadcasting Freedom (UK)

DADVSI

Loi sur le Droit d’Auteur et les Droits Voisins dans la Société de l’Information (Law on author’s rights and related rights in Digital Agenda for Europe

DCMS

Department of Culture, Media and Sport (UK ministry)

DEA

Digital Economy Act (UK)

DG

Directorate-General (branch of European Commission)

DMCA

Digital Millennium Copyright Act

DPI

Deep Packet Inspection (technology)

DRM

Digital Rights Management

DSL

Digital Subscriber Line(s)

DTT

Digital Terrestrial Television

DTTB

Digital Terrestrial Television Broadcasting

DVD(s)

Digital Video Disc(s)

EBU

European Broadcasting Union

ECC

European Communications Committee

ECHR

European Convention on Human Rights

ECP(s)

End-Use Connectivity Provider(s)

ECRF

Electronic Communications Regulatory Framework (see EUFREC)

EFJ

European Federation of Journalists

EP

European Parliament

EPG

Electronic Programme Guide

EPP

European People’s Party (European Parliament)

ESC

European Spectrum Committee

ETNO

European Telecommunications Networks Operators

EU

European Union

EUCD

European Union Copyright Directive

EUFREC

European Union Framework for the Regulation of Electronic Communications

Euralva

European Alliance of Viewers and Listeners Associations

FCC

Federal Communications Commission (US regulatory authority for communications)

FM

Frequency Modulation (broadcasting transmission)

FRAND

Fair and Reasonable and Non-Discriminatory (terms)

GESAC

European Grouping of Societies of Authors and Composers

GSM

Global System for Mobile

GSMA

Global System for Mobile Association

HADOPI

Haute Autorité pour la Diffusion des Oeuvres et la Protection des droits sur Internet (High Authority for the diffusion of creative works and copyright protection on the Internet)

HBO

Home Box Office (US cable and satellite TV network)

HDTV

High Definition Television

IAB

International Association of Broadcasting

ICT

Information and Communications Technology

IMT

International Mobile Telecommunications

IP

Internet Property

IP

Intellectual Protocol

IPPR

Institute of Public Policy Research (UK)

IPR(s)

Intellectual Property Right(s)

IPTV

Internet Protocol Television

ISP(s)

Internet Service Provider(s)

IT

Information Technology

ITN

Independent Television News (UK news provider)

ITU

International Telecommunication Union

ITV

Independent Television (UK)

KEK

Kommission zur Ermittlung der Konzentration im Medienbereich (German Media Concentration Commission)

LLU

Local Loop Unbundling

LTE

Long term Evolution (standard for high-speed wireless)

MPAA

Motion Picture Association of America

MPM

Media Pluralism Monitor (EU)

NABA

North American Broadcasters Association

NBC

National Broadcasting Company (US TV network)

NBN

National Broadband Network (Australia)

NBP

National Broadband Plan (US)

NGN(s)

Next Generation Network(s)

NPA

Newspaper Preservation Act (US)

NRA(s)

National Regulatory Authority (ies)

NTIA

National Telecommunications and Information Administration (US)

NUJ

National Union of Journalists (UK)

Ofcom

Office of Communications (UK regulatory and competition authority for communications)

PACT

Producers Alliance for Cinema and Television

PBS

Public Broadcasting Service (US public service broadcaster)

PIPA

Protect Intellectual Property Act (US)

PMSE

Programme Making and Special Events

PPP

Public Private Partnership

PS

Parti Socialiste (French Socialist Party)

PSB(s)

Public Service Broadcasting -er(s)

PSM

Public Service Media

PSP

Public Service Publisher

PSTN(s)

Public Switched Telephone Network(s)

P2P

Peer to Peer (file sharing)

QoS

Quality of Service

RCC

Regional Commonwealth in the field of Communications (states of former USSR)

RIAA

Recording Industry Association of America

RSPG

Radio Spectrum Policy Group (the ‘Lamy group’, high level advising the European Commission)

RUS

Rural Utilities Service (US)

SCBG

Satellite and Cable Broadcasters’ Group (UK)

SGEI

Services of General Economic Interest

SMP

Significant Market Power

SOPA

Stop Online Piracy Act (US)

TCP/IP

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

TV

Television

UHF

Ultra High Frequency

UK

United Kingdom (of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)

UMP

Union for a Popular Movement (French conservatives)

US(A)

United States (of America)

VAT

Value Added Tax

VCR

Video-Cassette Recorder

VoIP

Voice over Internet Protocol

WBU

World Broadcasting Unions

WCT

World Copyright Treaty

WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organisation

WPPT

World Performances and Phonograms Treaty

WRC

World Radiocommunication Conference