The International Handbook on Gender, Migration and Transnationalism Global and Development Perspectives
Global and Development Perspectives
- International Handbooks on Gender series
Edited by Laura Oso and Natalia Ribas Mateos
Chapter 16: Towards a gender-sensitive approach to remittances in Ecuador
In the era of globalization, migrants’ remittances are pictured as the most reliable source for funding development many countries have. Unsurprisingly then, remittances have been assigned a central place in the so-called ‘migration–development nexus’. They are currently a fashionable topic in both political and academic milieus where they are usually portrayed in a very positive light. However, against a background of over enthusiastic discourses and grand images of remittances, it is clear that there is a need for sharper research questions and more contextualized analyses on the topic. This is even more urgent in the case of discussions of remittances in relation to gender. As Morokvasic pointed almost three decades ago, women are also birds of passage (1984). Not only are migrant women receiving more scholarly attention since Phizacklea edited her book about migrant women (1983), but there is also growing recognition that migration and remittances are highly gendered social processes (King et al., 2004, p. 33).
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