Global and Development Perspectives
- International Handbooks on Gender series
Edited by Laura Oso and Natalia Ribas Mateos
Chapter 18: Care and feminized North–South and South–South migration flows: denial of rights and limited citizenship
Migration has become a prevalent topic in debates on the social organization of care and the progress towards fairer care systems. The so-called ‘care crisis’ is one of the key factors explaining the increasing numbers of immigrant women carrying out this work in both the northern and southern hemispheres. However, while work in this sector affords job opportunities for many immigrant women, it also evinces a great lacuna of social and labour rights regarding work carried out by individuals who are socially marginalized or undervalued. The analysis presented in this chapter is part of a wider debate on gender, migration and development. There has been a propensity to neglect gender as a relevant analysis variable in studies on international migration. However, today it is widely accepted that gender is a decisive element in the migratory experience, both in shaping and in reaching the decision to migrate. The decision of when, who, how and where to migrate is conditioned by gender, that is, it crucially depends on the immigrant’s roles and responsibilities associated with gender.
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