Intellectual Property at the Crossroads of Trade
Show Less

Intellectual Property at the Crossroads of Trade

Edited by Jan Rosén

The book comprises thoughtful contributions on varying commercial aspects of IP, from parallel imports of pharmaceuticals to exhaustion of rights, and from trade in goods of cultural heritage to regulation of goods in transit. There is detailed discussion of licensing, including cross-border elements, online licensing, and the potential for harmonisation in Europe. This precedes a multi-layered analysis of the Anti-counterfeiting Trade Agreement.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 11: ACTA and access to medicines in the perspective of theory of hard cases

Maciej Barczewski and Sebastian Sykuna


The aim of ACTA was to raise the standards of intellectual property enforcement found in international instruments and, in particular, the TRIPS Agreement. Its aim was enhanced international cooperation and more effective international enforcement. In this light it presents a number of TRIPS-Plus elements. Yet, it chose to create its own governing body outside the World Trade Organization (WTO) and other existing international institutions or fora, such as the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) or the United Nations (UN). The reason for this was that the existing international institutions were thought not to provide procedures that were sufficiently flexible to accommodate the attainment of a fast and effective result. The criticism was that this was achieved to a considerable extent at the expense of transparency.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.