Coordinating Urban and Rural Development in China
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Coordinating Urban and Rural Development in China

Learning from Chengdu

Ye Yumin and Richard LeGates

This detailed study offers a succinct yet comprehensive introduction to China’s crucial policy to coordinate urban and rural development. It describes the theoretical, political, and economic reasons why China allowed a large gap between urban and rural incomes, public services, and quality of life to emerge, and the recent national and local government efforts to narrow this inequality.
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Chapter 2: China’s urban–rural relationships and national modernization

Learning from Chengdu

Ye Yumin and Richard LeGates


The history of world modernization is a history of development and transformation from traditional rural to modern urban society. Rural migrants and capital continue to concentrate in cities. Modern culture is formed in cities and in turn disperses to rural areas, ultimately resulting in urban–rural integration. Urbanization and industrialization are the two key forces at work in this process. Each country adopts different methods in modernization based on its unique historic and cultural background. Beginning in the eighteenth century in Great Britain, rural villages were depopulated as their residents were forced into cities to form the industrial proletariat. In Germany rural population migration to cities was governed by more civilized regulations, and in Japan and Korea synchronized rural and urban development occurred as a result of migration or industrialization and urbanization supported by cities.

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