Learning from Chengdu
Chapter 2: China’s urban–rural relationships and national modernization
The history of world modernization is a history of development and transformation from traditional rural to modern urban society. Rural migrants and capital continue to concentrate in cities. Modern culture is formed in cities and in turn disperses to rural areas, ultimately resulting in urban–rural integration. Urbanization and industrialization are the two key forces at work in this process. Each country adopts different methods in modernization based on its unique historic and cultural background. Beginning in the eighteenth century in Great Britain, rural villages were depopulated as their residents were forced into cities to form the industrial proletariat. In Germany rural population migration to cities was governed by more civilized regulations, and in Japan and Korea synchronized rural and urban development occurred as a result of migration or industrialization and urbanization supported by cities.
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