Theory and Practice in Europe
Edited by Rune Ervik and Tord Skogedal Lindén
Chapter 11: The making of ageing policy: framing, conceptual ambiguities and national policy developments
In this concluding chapter we shall address some of the most important topics in this volume. We shall follow a similar organization to the overall structure of this book. We begin by revisiting the challenges of ageing presented in the introductory chapter and how these are framed, pinpointing the role of politics and policies in determining the scope of these challenges. The second section addresses this political dimension, discussing the reform preparedness of the population and the ways in which policy-makers overcome resistance and create consensus as discussed in this volume. The third section reflects on the ambiguity of the concepts of active and productive ageing policies outlined by international actors, in national contexts and in academic discourse, and also discusses some of the normative aspects that these concepts raise and that must be addressed in further revisions and debates on ageing policy. Chapters of this book have addressed ageing policies across the three main areas of the welfare state: pension, labour market and long-term care (LTC) policies (and health is addressed in Chapter 3, family policy in Chapter 7). In sections 4–6, we present some findings from a comparative perspective in these areas. We relate the conceptual discussion across policy fields to the two central concepts of active and productive ageing.
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