Challenging Conventional Policy Wisdom
As is well known, for the first time in history more than half of the world's population is now living in cities (UN Population Division 2010). But this apparently relentless global trend hides a much more nuanced picture for the world's more developed urban systems that are the broad focus of this book. As a closer look at the data makes clear, long-term urbanisation rates are broadly stable for more developed countries. But within many of these countries, the experience is one of recent urban resurgence after a long period of relative decline. Even then, this resurgence is often profoundly uneven within the urban system. Some cities are experiencing population growth and improved economic performance, especially those that have proved attractive to higher skilled workers or to industries that employ those workers: London and New York provide the premier examples. Other cities, particularly small industrial cities in the shadow of relatively more successful cities, continue to stagnate or decline. The experiences of Sunderland compared to Newcastle, or Charleroi relative to Brussels, provide good examples (Buck et al. 2004; Office of the Deputy Prime Minister 2006). These disparities in urban economic performance have proved persistent and seemingly resistant to policymakers' attempts to reduce them. Clearly, understanding urban economic performance is central to improving our understanding of spatial disparities and the impact of policy.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.