The International Handbook of Public Administration and Governance
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The International Handbook of Public Administration and Governance

Edited by Andrew Massey and Karen Johnston

The International Handbook of Public Administration and Governance is a ground-breaking volume with eminent scholars addressing the key questions in relation to how international governments can solve public administration and governance challenges in an increasingly globalized world. With international coverage across Africa, Asia, Europe, Australia, North and South America, the authors adopt contemporary perspectives of governance, including public policy capacity, wicked policy problems, public sector reforms, the challenges of globalisation and managing complexity. Practitioners and scholars of public administration, public policy and public sector management will be better informed with regard to the issues and structures of government and governance in an increasingly complex world.
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Chapter 7: The political economy of administrative reforms in Egypt: governance, reforms and challenges

Ahmed Badran


This chapter focuses on public administration reforms and governance in Egypt. As was the case with many other emerging economies, reforming state machinery and public bodies has been regarded as a means for achieving broader social and economic developmental goals in Egypt. Consequently, the Egyptian administrative system has been subject to different reform initiatives aiming at changing structures, functions and cultures of Egyptian public organizations. The features and main characteristics of each administrative reform programme were greatly shaped by the overall socioeconomic and political context, as well as the prevailing vision and ideological views about the role of the state in the society. The state–society relationship, in terms of the role of the state in social and economic spheres, has been redefined several times since the revolution of 1952, based on the dominant political ideology. At least three different models can be identified in the modern history of Egypt: a welfare state model in 1952–70; a mixed state–market model in 1970–81; and a regulatory state model from 1981 to the present. The socialist era of President Nasser, 1952–70, was characterized by an ever-growing role of the state in economic and social domains. The function of the state at that time was defined as to re-engineer and restructure the Egyptian society in order to achieve social equity and economic development.

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