Edited by Andrew Massey and Karen Johnston
Chapter 12: Administrative developments in India
Fully cognizant of the greater possibility of errors of omission rather than commission and possible sweeping generalizations, this chapter attempts to provide a brief narrative about Indian administration within the context of an ‘ecological study’ as advocated by Fred W. Riggs (1961 and 1964), himself inspired by John M. Gaus (1947). Riggs further proposed that it is not enough to study the environment of administration, but must also dwell on the ‘context’. The Waldovian (Waldo, 1948) tradition that public administration is political philosophy is also followed here. Administrators do not act in a vacuum but within a given political/ideological setting. Given that, this chapter starts by providing the Indian setting, then dwells on the political and administrative arrangements, and concentrates on three relevant aspects: ‘reservations’, administrative behaviour and the more insidious and ubiquitous corruption.
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