Edited by Hein-Anton van der Heijden
Chapter 7: Urban citizenship
‘Urban citizenship’ encompasses many phenomena and approaches. It may refer to a form of citizenship in terms of its scale of governance and belonging, distinguishing itself from national citizenship. It may also refer to a particular type of citizenship and belonging that is cosmopolitan and civic in nature, rather than ‘national’ in an ethnic sense. This cosmopolitan citizenship is often rooted in a vision of such citizenship as a political subjectivity that is produced by the diversity of the city as it continually draws and renews its population from elsewhere and/or the city as a ‘difference machine’ (Isin, 2001; Bauböck, 2003). It can refer to the ways in which citizenship is in and of the city, and thus specifically and inherently urban, such as through the use of public space for protest or through technologies of discipline and surveillance. While these distinctions matter, these forms all overlap. ‘Urban citizenship’ often focuses on social movements within the city, and in turn may refer to three related and often coinciding practices: struggle for rights within the city, struggle that employs the city as an instrument or platform, and struggle for the ‘right to the city’ in a Lefebvrian sense (discussed further below).
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