Edited by Kate Hutchings and Snejina Michailova
Chapter 8: Where are the voices from South America? Argentine, Brazilian and Chilean women in international management
Female professionals are an underutilized resource for global assignments despite progress in recent years (Mercer, 2006). Of those engaged in international careers, the extant literature in English-language journals has largely focused on protagonists from Europe and US (Taylor and Napier, 1996; Westwood and Leung, 1994). Countries in regions such as Latin America have been significantly underrepresented. A review of two leading international business journals (Journal of International Business Studies and Management International Review) found that articles on any aspect of Latin American business represented less than 6 per cent of the total number of articles (Elahee and Vaidya, 2001). More recently, some studies have included participants from South American countries (Salgado and Ramirez-Sanchez, 2011). However, female expatriates2 were not explicitly discussed leading to the conclusion that they also are an understudied group that has not been adequately covered in the extant literature. This situation raises many important questions: If there are female expatriates originating from South America, what are their characteristics? How similar or dissimilar are their expatriation experiences relative to those covered in earlier work? A final important question is: if South America and female expatriates from that region are largely missing in the international journals, are their experiences captured in national, Spanish or Portuguese language scholarly work?
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