Mobility, Citizenship and Exclusion
Chapter 3: Freedom of movement in Europe
Freedom of movement for workers shall be secured within the Community. Such Freedom of Movement shall entail the abolition of any discrimination based on nationality between the workers of the Member States as regards employment, remuneration and other conditions of work and employment. (Article 45, Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union) The right to the free movement of persons is one of the four fundamental freedoms that underscore the Internal Market. From the inception of the European Economic Community, it was understood that the creation of a common European market would require that not only goods and capital would travel freely but also people and services. This idea was discussed at length in the 1956 Spaak Report on the General Common Market which gave way to the Treaty of Rome, establishing the EEC (Spaak, 1956). In Chapter 3 (regarding the free movement of labour), the Spaak Report considered the free movement of people in terms of restocking and re-allocating labour across a recovering post-war Europe. Each State will increase annually the number of workers from other Member States which it will allow to be employed.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.