The Internet and Human Rights
Chapter 1: Theorizing the internet era
The term ‘information society’ dates back to the 1960s1 and is a contested notion with competing interpretations.2 In a political context the term was revitalized by the American and European project to privatize and liberalize the telecom sector globally in the mid-1990s. In 1994 US Vice President Al Gore announced the creation of ‘The Global Information Infrastructure’, which was echoed at the European level in a number of white papers and reports (the most well known being the Report of the Bangemann High Level Expert Group from 1994). In Japan and Singapore similar initiatives took off.3 The official rhetoric for speaking about the many political, eco- nomic, scientific, and social changes related to globalization and commu- nication technology soon became the information society.
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