Real-Life Lessons for the Developing World
Chapter 5: Innovation country case studies
It is important to identify and present the most relevant indicators for innovation and to explain how these indicators can be interpreted and used in policy design. In order to embody a deep knowledge of innovation and generate a number of theoretical propositions for explaining the potential outcomes a case study method may be adopted. The experiences of the United States (US), Japan, South Korea and Israel may well provide an analysis of contemporary issues with regard to innovation and an explanation of how these issues have been addressed in each of those countries. In this chapter, the case study of each of these countries will set the context and assess both past and current experiences. In doing so, the study will define the relevant issues, analyse the various models or strategies, describe the current approaches and identify any obstacles and criticisms. As an early developing country, the US case study concentrates on the relevant legal framework within its national innovation system (NIS). The second case study, on the Japanese innovation system, gives an overview of Japanese experience in this area. It illustrates the changing role of the intellectual property rights (IPRs) system throughout the development process of the country. The third case study discusses the experience of Korea as a relatively late catching-up country. The study reveals the characteristics of the Korean national innovation system as well as the patent regime.
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