The Survival of Wild Species
Chapter 15: Public support for sustainable wildlife harvesting and biodiversity conservation: a case study
Can the harvesting of wildlife be used to save endangered species from extinction and promote biodiversity conservation? To what extent do members of the public support the harvesting of wildlife species and what factors influence this support? Relying on survey data, this chapter (and the next) examines the varied attitudes of members of the public to the harvesting of wildlife species and establishes some general relationships. Studies of this type are important because the sustainable use of wildlife has been promoted as an effective means for conserving biodiversity, and sustainable use of biological resources has been included in the Convention on Biological Diversity as a worthy objective. Apart from reporting and analysing the attitudes of sampled members of the Australian public towards the harvesting of wildlife and its sustainable use, this chapter assesses the effectiveness of sustainably using wildlife species in order to conserve these. The next chapter extends the discussion by considering the extent to which members of the Australian public support the use of wildlife by Indigenous Australians. Attitudes to the sustainable commercial harvesting of some individual wildlife species and aspects of policies affecting their use have been covered in earlier chapters of this book. For example, use of hawksbill turtles was discussed in Chapter 8 and the utilization of saltwater crocodiles was considered in Chapter 9.
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