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Sustaining Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functions Economic Issues

Economic Issues

Clement A. Tisdell

This innovative book identifies socio-economic processes which transform the stock of genetic resources and ecosystems and discusses sustainability issues raised by variations in this stock. It focuses subsequently on the socio-economics of the conservation and change in the stock of human developed germplasm and ecosystems. Particular attention is given to crops, livestock, GMOs, reduced economic value due to biological erosion, alternative agroecosystems, and property rights in germplasm. The book concludes with an exploration of the economic topics dealing with changes in the stock of wild germplasm and natural ecosystems, and discusses the associated valuation problems.
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Contents

Clement A. Tisdell

Preface
PART I    BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION: BASIC ECONOMIC ISSUES
1  An introduction to the economic issues involved in sustaining biodiversity and ecosystem functions
2  Classifying the stock of genetic resources and ecosystems: their economic nature and patterns of biodiversity change
3  Socio-economic processes transforming the genetic stock and altering ecosystems
4  Sustainable development and changes in the genetic stock and in ecosystems
PART II   HUMAN DEVELOPED BIOLOGICAL CAPITAL: GERMPLASM AND ECOSYSTEMS
5  Crops and the socio-economics of biodiversity loss and change
6  Livestock and the socio-economics of biodiversity loss
7  Advances in genetic engineering and changes in biodiversity and ecosystems: economic and ecological considerations
8  Human developed and modified ecosystems: their economic value
9  Declining effectiveness of techniques designed to control pests and diseases: economics, evolution and human choices
10  Property rights in human developed genetic material: an economic assessment
PART III  NATURAL BIOLOGICAL CAPITAL: WILD GENETIC RESOURCES AND NATURAL ECOSYSTEMS
11  The conservation and loss of wild biodiversity and natural ecosystems: basic economic issues
12  Allocating land use to minimize the opportunity cost of conserving wild species in their natural habitats
13  Property rights in non-captive wildlife and biodiversity conservation
14  Economic incentives to conserve wildlife on private lands: analysis, policy and examples
15  Biodiversity conservation, loss of natural capital and interest rates: the relationships are irregular
16  Valuing and sustaining natural ecosystem services: assumptions, estimates and public policies
17  Economics and spatial aspects of ecosystem use: land sharing versus land sparing – wildlife conservation and forestry
Index