Regional Competitiveness and Smart Specialization in Europe Place-based Development in International Economic Networks
Place-based Development in International Economic Networks
- New Horizons in Regional Science series
In this Appendix we introduce a unique dataset on bilateral trade between 256 European NUTS-2 regions for the year 2000 and an update of this dataset for the period 2000–10. Trade is divided into 59 product categories which cover both goods and services following the European Classification of Products by Activity (NACE 1.1 – CPA 2002). Regional import and export flows are constructed by bringing several sources together since there are no complete trade surveys at this detailed geographical level. The main sources used are: (1) the national accounts of the 25 selected countries in a supply and use format; (2) international trade data on goods from Feenstra et al. (2005) and on services from Eurostat (2009a); (3) regional information on production, investment and consumption made available in Cambridge Econometrics (2008); (4) information on freight transport among European regions from the Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment (2007); and (5) first and business class airline ticket information from MIDT (2010). The 2000 trade matrix describes the most likely trade flows between European regions given all available information, and is consistent with the national accounts.
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