How Welfare States Shape the Democratic Public Policy Feedback, Participation, Voting, and Attitudes
Policy Feedback, Participation, Voting, and Attitudes
- Globalization and Welfare series
Edited by Staffan Kumlin and Isabelle Stadelmann-Steffen
Chapter 6: Labour market policies and party preferences of fixed-term workers
Paul Marx and Georg Picot
Most advanced welfare states have seen a rise in so-called non-standard employment, that is, dependent work other than permanent full-time jobs, which are well integrated into social insurance (e.g. Kalleberg, 2000). One important type of non-standard work is temporary forms of employment, in particular fixed-term contracts. This development has spurred considerable interest among welfare state scholars who mostly stressed the exclusion of non-standard workers from stable jobs and adequate social protection (e.g. Davidsson and Naczyk, 2009; Emmenegger et al., 2012). It also has brought up a debate about the political implications of this labour market transformation. It has been argued that non-standard workers are not represented by social democratic parties (Rueda, 2005) and that their economic grievances may lead to political alienation or radicalization (King and Rueda, 2008). While others have contested that individual labour market status itself is strong enough a factor to guide political preferences(Emmenegger, 2009; H‰usermann and Schwander, 2012), empirical studies have found some evidence for this effect (Burgoon and Dekker, 2010; Marx and Picot, 2013; Lindvall and Rueda, 2012).
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