How Welfare States Shape the Democratic Public Policy Feedback, Participation, Voting, and Attitudes
Policy Feedback, Participation, Voting, and Attitudes
- Globalization and Welfare series
Edited by Staffan Kumlin and Isabelle Stadelmann-Steffen
Chapter 9: Policy feedback in political context: unemployment benefits, election campaigns, and democratic satisfaction
This chapter studies citizensí satisfaction with democracy in the context of West European welfare states. Specifically, I test propositions about how unemployment benefit generosity affects satisfaction with democracy. Consistent with past research, the findings will suggest that higher generosity levels in unemployment benefits are a positive factor for democratic satisfaction. At the same time, this support-building function will turn out to be contextually fragile. The results support a ìvisible costs hypothesisî predicting a weaker legitimization effect as the size and costs of the underlying social risk grows; this refutes another reasonable ideaóthe ìvisible interests hypothesesîópredicting stronger legitimization effects as more citizens become obvious stakeholders. Finally, we shall see that the visible costs phenomenon is not only or mainly explained by exogenous realities in the form of actual unemployment rates. Instead, the political representation and construction of unemployment appears a key moderator, as measured by pervasive salience in the public sphere at election time.
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